DEGGENDORF

DEGGENDORF, city in Bavaria, Germany. In 1338 local burghers and members of the gentry, under the leadership of the ducal judge, set fire to the houses of the Jewish quarter and slaughtered the inhabitants. Duke Henry sanctioned the massacre by presenting the perpetrators with the Jews' property. As a result, the killing spread to 21 other places in Bavaria. The Deggendorf massacre occurred at a time of severe social unrest, which in previous years had led to waves of anti-Jewish rioting by the Judenschlaeger and armleder gangs in large parts of southern Germany. The slaughter of the Jews greatly benefited the impoverished townspeople, and a magnificent church was erected in place of the synagogue. Only at a later stage was the allegation of host desecration made to justify the massacre of the Jews. From the 15th century, relics of the supposed desecration were venerated in the church, and Deggendorf developed into a major place of pilgrimage in Germany. The last mass pilgrimage took place in 1843; the pictures in the church depicting the affair were covered up in 1967. In 1992 the pilgrimage was at last abolished. The small modern Jewish community (numbering 17 in 1910) was affiliated   to that of straubing . Of the 500 inmates of the concentration camp established in Deggendorf on February 20, 1945, 400 were Jews. In 1946, 700 Jewish refugees were temporarily accommodated in a transit camp at Deggendorf. There is no postwar community in the city. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Germ Jud, 2 (1968), 157; Salfed, Martyrol, 241. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Eder, Die 'Deggendorfer Gnad' (1992). (Stefan Rohrbacher (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Deggendorf — Deggendorf …   Wikipedia

  • Deggendorf — Deggendorf …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Deggendorf — Deggendorf, 1) Landgericht im Kreise Niederbaiern; 11 QM., 37,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt hier,[799] unweit des Einflusses der Isar in die Donau, Lateinische Schule, 5 Kirchen, Wallfahrtsort, Krankenhaus; Eisenhammer, Gerberei, Flachs u. Obstbau, Garn …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Deggendorf — Deggendorf, unmittelbare Stadt im bayr. Regbez. Niederbayern, links an der Donau, über die hier eine 345 m lange eiserne Brücke und eine Eisenbahnbrücke führen, an der Mündung des Bogenbaches, Knotenpunkt der Staatsbahnlinie Rosenheim Eisenstein… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Deggendorf — Deggendorf, Bezirksstadt im bayr. Reg. Bez. Niederbayern, an der Donau, (1900) 6811 E., Land , Amtsgericht …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Deggendorf — Deggendorf, bayer. Stadt u. Landgerichtssitz im Kreise Niederbayern an der Donau, in sehr schöner Gegend, mit 3500 E., Brauereien, Gerbereien, Getreide und Flachsbau, Getreide und Viehhandel, Töpferwaaren, Fabrikation von Seide, Papier,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Deggendorf — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Deggendorf — Dẹggendorf,   1) Kreisstadt in Niederbayern, links der Donau am Fuß des Vorderen Bayerischen Waldes, Große Kreisstadt, 305 m bis 1 114 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 31 000 Einwohner; Fachhochschule; Textil und Bekleidungsindustrie, Leichtmetallbau,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Deggendorf — ▪ Germany       city, Bavaria Land (state), southeastern Germany. It is on the Danube River, 2.5 miles (4 km) above its confluence with the Isar River. Deggendorf lies at the western foot of the Bavarian (Bavarian Forest) and Bohemian (Bohemian… …   Universalium

  • Deggendorf — Original name in latin Deggendorf Name in other language Deckendorf, Degendorf, Deggendorf, Degndorf, Gorad Dehgendorf, de gen duo er fu, dgndwrf, Горад Дэгендорф, Деггендорф, Дегендорф State code DE Continent/City Europe/Berlin longitude… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.